EDWARD CHALMERS HUFFAKER PAPERS

 

1880-1986 and undated

                     

East Tennessee State University

Archives of Appalachia

Box 70295

Johnson City, Tennessee 37614-0295

 

E-mail: myersn@mail.etsu.edu

Telephone: (423)439-4338

 

_____________________________________________________________

 

 

INTRODUCTION

 

Title: Edward Chalmers Huffaker Papers

Collection Number: Accession No. 554

Physical Description: 1.25 linear feet (3 boxes)

Creator: Edward Chalmers Huffaker

Repository: Archives of Appalachia, East Tennessee State University

 

ADMINISTRATIVE INFORMATION

 

Provenance: The Edward Chalmers Huffaker Papers were donated to the Archives of Appalachia by Steve Hensley, Chuckey, Tenn., October 19, 1999. Hensley found the Huffaker correspondence in 1957 when as a boy he was exploring his grandmother’s barn, property at one time part of the Huffaker farm. Hensley used the material in research for his master’s thesis completed in 1998 at East Tennessee State University entitled “Edward C. Huffaker’s Unpublished Letters, Containing the Earliest Application of Bernoulli’s Principle to Account for Aerodynamic Life: A Storytelling Approach to Aviation History.”

 

Access: The collection is open for research.

 

Processing Information: Processing of the collection was completed by Ned Irwin and David Littleford in 2003.

 

 

BIOGRAPHICAL NOTE

 

Edward Chalmers Huffaker was born in 1856 and graduated from Emory and Henry College, Emory, Va., and earned a master’s degree from the University of Virginia, Charlottesville. After teaching in public schools, he became in the 1890s a civil engineer in Bristol, Tenn. During this period, he became interested in problems of flight, becoming a correspondent with Samuel P. Langley, Smithsonian Institution director, and conducting his own observations of birds and air currents around Chuckey, Tenn. From these observations, Huffaker wrote a scientific paper, “The Value of Curved Surfaces in Flight,” which applied earlier principles of water flow to air flow and the possibility of flight. This paper caught the attention of Octave Chanute, a wealthy aviation enthusiast, who helped secure Huffaker employment with Langley at the Smithsonian.

 

In Washington, D. C., Huffaker and Langley worked on developing early airplane models. The men fell out over design work in 1899, and Huffaker returned to his own experiments at Chuckey. Wilbur and Orville Wright used ideas from Huffaker’s earlier paper in the design to their own aircraft. Huffaker worked with the Wright Brothers on gliders at Kitty Hawk, N. C., in 1901, but was not present when the Wrights successfully flew a powered plane there for the first time in 1903. Thereafter, Huffaker, one of America’s pioneering figures in flight, went into obscurity. In later years, he worked as a surveyor, engineer, and Chuckey postmaster. He died in 1936 and is buried at the Methodist church in Chuckey.

 

SCOPE AND CONTENT NOTE

 

The collection consists of incoming and outgoing correspondence of Edward Chalmers Huffaker of Chuckey, Tenn., and includes letters of family members and professional colleagues and relates to Huffaker’s personal life and activities. Most of the correspondence is either to or from Huffaker’s wife, Carrie Sue Redding Huffaker or other Huffaker family members and discusses matters of personal interest and family affairs with only a few of the letters concerning Huffaker’s interest in aeronautics and manned flight. The material covers the period 1880-1934 with some undated letters. The correspondence is arranged in chronological order with undated material filed after dated material. Transcriptions of certain letters made by Hensley are maintained with the original correspondence. A small amount of correspondence to and from Steve Hensley related to the Huffaker material is filed at the end of the collection in chronological order.

 

Important subjects covered in the collection include:

 

Aeronautics—United States—History
Chanute, Octave, 1832-1910
Huffaker, Carrie Sue
Huffaker, Edward Chalmers
Huffaker family
Langley, Samuel Pierpont, 1834-1906

 

 

BOX AND FOLDER LIST

 

Box 1

 

1. Correspondence, 1882-October 29, 1888

2. Correspondence, December 12, 1888-December 20, 1893

3. Correspondence, December 24, 1893-July 9, 1894

4. Correspondence, July 22, 1894- December 29, 1894

5. Correspondence, January 3, 1895-December 8, 1895

 

Box 2

 

1. Correspondence, April 17, 1896-August 3, 1897

2. Correspondence, August 11, 1897-October 24, 1897

3. Correspondence, October 27, 1897-October 4, 1899

4. Correspondence, February 23, 1900-January 28, 1903

5. Correspondence, February 10, 1903-September 24, 1903

6. Correspondence, October 5, 1903-October 8, 1904

 

Box 3

 

1. Correspondence, March 10, 1905-December 18, 1934

2. Correspondence, undated

3. Correspondence, undated

4. Steve Hensley correspondence, 1979-1986 and undated

 

 

PERSONAL NAME INDEX

Note: Numerals following an index entry refer to the box and folder numbers in which correspondence by or related to the individual will be found.

 

Aeronautics: 1-2, 2-1 (Means letter), 2-3 (Chanute letter), 2-4 (Chanute letter), 3-1 (Klemin letters)

Aeronautical history: 1-2

“Annie M.”: 1-1

Armitage, W. H.: 2-3

Armstrong, W. H.: 3-2

 

Attick, P. S.: 2-4

Aunt Pauli: 1-1

Ballard, William Benjamin: 2-3

Barnard, A. A.: 2-5

Blackwell, Ada H.: 1-5

 

Brigham, A. A.: 2-4

Brown, E. W.: 3-3

Brown, R. A.: 2-3

Caldwell, John H.: 3-1

Call, M. M.: 3-1

 

Carmack, Edward W.: 3-1

Carr, Arthur: 2-3

Caruthers, C. K.: 1-4

Caruthers, Pattie: 1-4

Chanute, Octave: 2-1, 2-2, 2-3, 2-4

 

Corbin, William L.: 3-1

Cornell, Mary: 2-3, 2-4, 2-5

Cousin Fannie: 1-5, 2-5, 3-3

Cross, T. J.: 3-1

Denny, L. H.: 3-1

 

Ellis, May: 1-3

Fishburn, Cara Huffaker: 1-1, 1-2, 1-5, 3-3

Fishburn, Thomas J.: 1-1

French, James Milton: 2-3

Gaertner, William: 2-1

 

Guerrant, Mary: 1-1

Harkleroad, Charlie: 2-4

Harrison, Alberta: 3-3

Hart, William: 1-1

Hass, E. E.: 1-1

 

Haworth, O. T.: 2-5

Haworth, M. L.: 2-1

Hensley, Steve: 3-4

Hoss, E. E.: 1-1

Howard, George E.: 2-3

 

Huffaker, Alice: 1-1

Huffaker, Anna: 2-2

Huffaker, Carrie Sue (Mrs. E. C.): 1-5, 2-1, 2-2, 2-3, 3-1, 3-2 (See also Redding, Carrie Sue)

Huffaker, Charles: 1-1, 1-2, 2-3, 2-6, 3-3

Huffaker, Cora: 1-1, 1-2, 1-3, 1-5

 

Huffaker, Edward Chalmers (E. C.): 1-1, 1-2, 1-3, 1-4, 1-5, 2-1, 2-2, 2-3, 2-4, 2-5, 2-6, 3-1

Huffaker, Effie: 1-1, 2-6, 3-1

Huffaker, Eulalie: 3-1

Huffaker family: 3-4

Huffaker, Gordon: 3-1

 

Huffaker, James: 2-1

Huffaker, John S.: 1-1, 1-2

Huffaker, Juddie: 1-2

Huffaker, Mother: 1-1, 1-3, 1-5

Huffaker, Mary Ada: 2-5, 3-3

 

Huffaker, Moreland: 2-5, 2-6, 3-1, 3-3

Huffaker, R. O.: 1-1

Hughes, Alina: 1-2

Hyatt, I. M.: 2-5

Jackson, Mark H.: 3-3

 

Karr, William: 2-3

Kinsland, Al C.: 2-6

Klemin, Alexander: 3-1

Laidley, James J.: 2-6

Langley, Samuel P.: 1-2, 2-4 (Chanute letter)

 

Lincoln, F. A.: 2-5, 3-2, 3-3

Lippincott, H. M.: 2-5

Luther, Tammie: 1-4

Macaulay, Mary F.: 3-4

Mann, Horace A.: 3-1

 

May, Ada: 1-5, 2-1, 2-3

McCall, M.: 3-4

Means, James: 2-1

Merrill, A. A.: 2-3

Mirlock, H. C.: 2-1

 

O’Kelly, Charles M.: 1-5

Preston, E. F.: 1-1

Price, R. N.: 2-3

Ravenel, W.: 2-3

Redding, Carrie Sue: 1-2, 1-3, 1-4, 1-5, 2-1 (see also Huffaker, Carrie Sue)

 

Redding, Frank: 2-3, 2-6

Redding, Maimo: 2-1

Redding, Mary: 2-1, 2-3, 2-5, 2-6

Redding, R. J.: 1-5

Reed & Carnrich: 3-3

 

Reils, H. F.: 2-4

Remine, C. K.: 2-1, 2-5

Reynolds, A. D.: 3-1

Rifley, A. E.: 2-3

Sans, Jamie A.: 1-1

 

Shoalbuel, John N.: 2-5, 2-6

Shoun, Eulalie: 2-6, 3-3

Slack, Munsey: 3-1

Smith, A. C.:  1-5

Smith, E. B.: 3-4

 

Sullivan, John Magruder: 1-4

Terry, Shirley, R.: 3-4

Tolchard, F. D.: 3-1

Uryett, Ellen: 3-3

“Value of Curved Surfaces in Flight, The”: 1-2

 

Vawter, Charles E.: 2-6

Walker, Lula J.: 2-4, 2-5, 3-2

Way, Frances: 1-4

Way, S. J.: 1-4

Webber, R.: 2-3

 

Williams, Rev. M. B.: 2-3

Winlock, W. C.: 2-1

Wrenn, B. W.: 1-4