Railroads

Locomotive
 
It was not until the late 19th and early 20th centuries that railroads finally crossed the Appalachian mountains. With the railroad came increased trade and economic development, forever changing the history of Appalachia.

Engine 207 and Bemberg Tank
Elizabethton, Tenn.
Cy Crumley Collection
 



APPALACHIAN COLLECTIONS

Click titles to view collection inventories.



Carolina, Clinchfield, and Ohio Railway

Formed in 1908, the railway carried passengers and freight between Elkhorn, Ky. and Spartanburg, S. C. Extensive records (1899-1979) include correspondence, minute books, annual reports, engineering files, financial records, blueprints, accident and personal injury files, line and topographical survey maps.



Carolina, Clinchfield, and Ohio Railway, Engineering Dept.

Includes personnel files, memoranda, correspondence, minutes, maps, newsclippings, pamphlets, newsletters, construction diagrams, and miscellaneous records documenting the history and construction of the CC&O and the management of its engineering department.



Cy Crumley

Documents the railroad in Appalachia during the first-half of the 20th century. It includes images of ET&WNC Railroad, Cy Crumley, and other railroad personnel.



James T. Dowdy, Sr.

Includes photographs relating to three railroad lines: East Tennessee and Western North Carolina, Linville River, and the Carolina, Clinchfield, and Ohio. Scenes depict engines, depots, rail lines, roundhouses, shops, and rail crews.



ET&WNC Historical Society

Documents the history of the ET&WNC and the Linville River Railway through company records, publications, maps, oral histories, films, video recordings, and photographs. Collected by members of the Historical Society, this collection covers 1883-2005, but predominantly 1910-1950.



ET&WNC Transportation Company

Originally chartered in 1866 to carry iron from Cranberry, N. C. to Elizabethton, Tenn., this narrow gauge railroad eventually ran from Johnson City, Tenn. to Saginaw, N. C. Extensive records (1868-1966) include correspondence, financial ledgers, minute books, and annual statements. Includes records related to the Linville River Railway and Inner City Trucking.



Charles Gunter, Jr.

Includes interviews about the Carolina, Clinchfield, and Ohio Railway and other East Tennessee railroads during the period 1922-62.



William Cary Hattan

Collection focuses on Hattan's career as a railroad engineer and on his personal involvement in the construction of two railroads in the early 20th century: the Western Maryland Railway and the Carolina, Clinchfield & Ohio Railway.



Frederick S. Heiskell

Includes correspondence and personal papers related to early Tennessee railroad development. Subjects include the East Tennessee and Georgia Railroad, Hiwassee Railroad, the Western and Atlantic Railroad, and the transcontinental railroad.



Robert A. Helm

This research collection documents railroad and coal operations of the Clinchfield & Ohio Railway in the mid-to-late 20th century. Includes correspondence, reports, maps, blueprints, and industrial data.



Johnson City Foundry and Machine Works

Founded in 1883, this major steel and aluminum fabricator company's records include ledgers, journals, financial records, office files, union contracts, board minutes, photographs, and other company records. Some material relates to business with the East Tennessee and Western North Carolina Railroad and the Carolina, Clinchfield, and Ohio Railway.



Carl B. Knight

Contains correspondence, newspaper clippings, reports, and other material documenting Knight's activities (1972-83) as a board member of the Carolina, Clinchfield, and Ohio Railway. Much of the correspondence relates to the sale of the CC&O to the CSX Corporation in 1983.



Delbert W. Loudermilk

This collection of slides, photographs, negatives, and video documents railroading, primarily in the Southeast. Photographed by Loudermilk, the images span the transition from steam to diesel.



M. B. Vance

In the 1870s, Vance supplied railroad ties and lumber on section 14 of the East Tennessee, Virginia, and Georgia Railroad. This day book is a handwritten record of transactions related to this operation and covers May 31, 1870 - December 31, 1870.



Kenneth E. Wilhoit

Consists of ET&WNC Transportation Company records while Wilhoit was employed by the company. Includes Board minutes, resolutions, memos, correspondence, and accounting records. Covers the Red Ball Motor Freight Corporation's acquisition of ET&WNC Transportation Company.



WSJK-TV

Historian Pat Alderman discusses the North Carolina community of Lost Cove, which, accessible only by rail or foot, became a ghost town when the railroad discontinued service.

 
          
 



SPECIAL COLLECTIONS

For further reading, search the Sherrod Library Catalog.


Bell, Augusta Grove. Circling Windrock Mountain: two hundred years in Appalachia. F443.A5 B45 1998

Campbell, E. T. Tweetsie tales: a collection of reminiscences. 1989. TF25.E37 C36

Cohen, Norm. Long steel rail: the railroad in American folksong. 1981. ML3551.C57

Dellinger, Clyde J. Tweetsie and the Clinchfield Railroads: crossing the Blue Ridge Mountains. 1975. HE3669.E34 D44

Ferrell, Mallory H. Tweetsie country: the East Tennessee and Western North Carolina Railroad. 1976. TF25.E37 F47

Goforth, James A. Building the Clinchfield: a construction history of America's most unusual railroad. 1983. HE2791.C37 G63

Goforth, James A. When steam ran the Clinchfield. 1991. TF25.C59 G64

Graybeal, Johnny. Along the ET&WNC. vols.1-5. TF25.E37 G73

Harshaw, Lou. Trains, trestles, and tunnels: railroads of the Southern Appalachians. 1977.TF23.2.H35

King, Steve. Clinchfield country . 1988. HE279.C753 K55

Lonon, J. L. Tall tales of the rails: on the Carolina, Clinchfield & Ohio .1989. TF2.C59 L66

Lovelace, Jeff. Mount Mitchell: its railroad and toll road. TF25.M68 L68 1994

Noe, Kenneth W. Southwest Virginia's railroad: modernization and the sectional crisis. 1994. HE2771.V8 N64

Poole, Cary Franklin. A history of railroading in western North Carolina. HE2771.N8 P66 1995

Scheer, Julian. Tweetsie, the Blue Ridge sidewinder. 1958. HE3669.E34 S3 87106 IMC

Smith, Ross. Reminiscences of an old-timer. 1930. F444.J7 S65

Sulzer, Elmer G. Ghost railroads of Tennessee. 1975. TF24.T2 S94

Waite, John R. The Blue Ridge Stemwinder: an illustrated history of the East Tennessee & Western North Carolina Railroad and Linville River Valley Railway. TF25.E37 W358 2003

Way, William. The Clinchfield railroad: the story of a trade route across the Blue Ridge Mountains. 1931. HE2791.C788243

Weals, Vic. Last train to Elkmont: a look back at life on Little River in the Great Smoky Mountains. F443.L63 W43 1991

Westveer, Neal B. Railroad crossings of the Blue Ridge: 1879-1909. 1990. HE1618.A2 W48