Providence College, Providence, RI, A.B.
St. John's University, Jamaica, NY, M.S. (Physiology), 1959
University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, Ph.D. (Anatomy), 1963
Cornell University Medical College, New York,
Research Fellow in Anatomy, 1963-1964
Instructor in Anatomy, 1964-1966
Assistant Professor of Anatomy, 1966-1967
Louisiana State University Medical Center, New Orleans, LA
Assistant Professor of Anatomy, 1967-1969
Associate Professor of Anatomy, 1969-1970
Birth Defects Institute, NYS Department of Health, Albany, NY
Director, Embryology Laboratory, 1970-1977
Albany Medical College, Albany, NY
Research Associate Professor of Toxicology, 1970-1977
Research Associate Professor of Anatomy, 1972-1973
Associate Professor of Anatomy, 1973-1977
Acting Chairman, Department of Anatomy, 1975-1976
Professor of Anatomy and Toxicology, 1977
East Tennessee State University College of Medicine,
Johnson City, TN
Professor of Anatomy, 1977-1994
Chairman, Department of Anatomy, 1977-1994
Assistant Dean for Graduate Studies, 1987-1999
Professor of Anatomy and Cell Biology, 1994-
Chairman, Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, 1994-
Professional Activities and Honors:
Participant in the Marine Embryology Program, Marine Biological Laboratory, Woods Hole, MA (1961).
Guest Lecturer in Embryology, New York University School of Medicine, New York, NY (1966).
Member, Science Advisory Board, National Center for Toxicological Research, Food and Drug Administration, USDHEW (1976-1979).
Visiting Professor, Institut für Toxikologie und Embryonalpharmakologie, Freie Universität Berlin (1978).
Visiting Professor of Histology, St. George's University School of Medicine, Grenada, West Indies (1979).
College of Medicine Representative, Graduate Council, East Tennessee State University (1979-1985).
Participant, EPA Workshop on the Status of Risk Assessments for Reproductive and Teratogenic Effects, Atlanta and St. Louis (October and December, 1980).
Participant, FDA-EPA Workshop on In Vitro Teratogenesis Testing, Little Rock (August, 1981).
Participant, Interagency Regulatory Liaison Group Workshop on Reproductive Toxicity Risk Assessment, Rockville, MD (September, 1981).
President, Southern Society of Anatomists (1981-1982).
Director, Graduate Program in Biomedical Science, James H. Quillen College of Medicine, East Tennessee State University (1981-1999).
Member, Ad Hoc Advisory Review Board, Reproductive and Developmental Toxicology Program, National Toxicology Program, DHHS (1984).
Ad Hoc Member, Human Embryology and Development Study Section, NICHHD, NIH, DHHS (1984).
Special Reviewer, Toxicology Study Section, NIH (1985).
Chairman, President's Task Force on the Development of the Division of Health Sciences, East Tennessee State University (1985-1987).
Member, Toxicology Study Section, NIH (1985-1989).
Member, Reproductive and Developmental Toxicology Program Review Subcommittee, National Toxicology Program (1985-1988).
Member, Editorial Board, Fundamental and Applied Toxicology (1986-1992).
Member, Panel on Reproductive and Developmental Toxicology of the Committee on Biological Markers, Commission on Life Sciences, National Research Council - National Academy of Sciences (1986-1987).
Member, Editorial Board, Reproductive Toxicology (1986-2004).
Ad Hoc Member, Reproductive Biology Study Section, NIH (1987).
President, Reproductive and Developmental Toxicology Specialty Section, Society of Toxicology (1988-1989).
Special Reviewer, Reproductive Biology Study Section, NIH (1989).
Member, National Institutes of Health Reviewers Reserve (1989-1990).
Member, Editorial Advisory Board, Methods in Toxicology (1989-1991).
Ad Hoc Reviewer, Reproductive Endocrinology Study Section, NIH (1990).
Member, Human Embryology and Development Study Section 2, NIH (1990-1994); Chair (1993-1994).
Member, Editorial Board, Teratology, (1991-1997).
Cornell University Medical College, 1963-1967
Gross Anatomy, 1963-1967
Developmental Anatomy and Genetics, 1964
Microscopic Anatomy, 1965-1967
Louisiana State University Medical Center,
Medical Gross Anatomy, 1967-1970
Dental Microscopic Anatomy, 1967-1970
Medical Microscopic Anatomy, 1967-1970
(Professor in charge of the course, 1968-1970)
Albany Medical College, 1970-1977
Comparative Embryology and Teratology, 1970-1977
Medical Histology, 1972-1977
Gross Anatomy, 1976-1977
East Tennessee State University College of
(Professor in charge of the course, 1978-1981)
Gross Anatomy, 1978-1982; 1990-
Cell and Tissue Biology, 1992-1996
Human Developmental Biology and Genetics, Course Director, 2001-
Ruby, J.R., R.F. Dyer & R.G.
Skalko 1969 The occurrence of intercellular bridges
during oogenesis in the mouse. J. Morph., 127:307-340.
Parker, D.A. & R.G. Skalko
1969 Congenital asymmetry: Report of ten cases
with associated developmental abnormalities. Pediatrics, 44:584-590.
Skalko, R.G. & M.P. Gold
1974 Teratogenicity of methotrexate in mice.
Tucci, S.M. & R.G. Skalko
1977 Demonstration of lateral asymmetry in G-
banded mouse embryo chromosomes. Experientia, 33:1437-1438.
Peppler, R.D., M.W. Hougland,
T.E. Kwasigroch, & R.G. Skalko 1980 Medical
gross anatomy course: simultaneous teaching of the upper and lower extremity.
J. Med. Educ., 55:794-796.
Skalko, R.G. & T.E.
Kwasigroch 1983 The interaction of chemicals during
pregnancy: an update. Biol. Res. Preg. Perinatol., 4:26-35.
Kwasigroch, T.E. & R.G.
Skalko 1985 The teratogenic interaction of
hydroxyurea and 5-bromodeoxyuridine examined with the aid of limb culture and
image analysis. Fundam. Appl. Toxicol., 5:1161-1173.
Knudsen, T.B., M.K. Gray, J.K.
Church, M.R. Blackburn, M.J. Airhart, R.E.
Kellems & R.G. Skalko 1989 Early postimplantation embryo loss in the mouse
following in utero exposure to 2'-deoxycoformycin, a potent inhibitor of
adenosine deaminase. Teratology, 40:615-626.
Blackburn, M.R., X. Gao, M.J.
Airhart, R.G. Skalko, L.F. Thompson & T.B.
Knudsen 1992 Adenosine levels in the postimplantation mouse uterus.
Quantitation of HPLC-fluorometric detection and spatio-temporal regulation of
5'-nucleotidase and adenosine deaminase. Developmental Dynamics, 194:
Airhart, M.J., C.M. Robbins,
T.B. Knudsen & R.G. Skalko 1996 Allantois
is a primary site of 2'-deoxycoformycin (pentostatin) toxicity. Teratology,