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ADVANCED PLACEMENT CHEMISTRY SYLLABUS
INSTRUCTOR: Mahua Chakraborty
Goals: To provide hands on experience to students to master the skills in laboratory work.
To help each student achieve success in taking the AP Chemistry exam to get college credit.
To help them clear many concepts in Chemistry by giving them more exposure to laboratory work.
Text: CHEMISTRY THE CENTRAL SCIENCE 14th Edition
Brown, Lemay, Murphy
Content: We will cover all material as recommended by the College Board for success on the AP Chemistry Exam. This may be viewed on the College Board website, www.collegeboard.org/ap
This is a very rigorous college course. In order to finish this course by the end of April every student must be prepared to work hard so that we have enough time to review before they take the college board exam somewhere during the first week in May 2020. Every chapter will be followed by a challenging quiz/test and the questions will be taken from the AP Chemistry practice questions.
Your success in this course will directly reflect on the amount of time and effort you put into it. Here are some suggestions that may help you:
- Come to class daily. If you are unable to attend class please email me the reason and make arrangements to collect all the homework for that particular
- Participate actively and ask questions as soon as you need
- Every student must have a bounded notebook. Keep notes about demonstrations and examples presented in the class.
- Keep up with your work in class and lab.
- Be open to variety of learning styles and
- Keep aside 2 hours of daily study for mastering the different skills in this
Materials: Please bring the following to class daily:
- Blue/Black pen, #2 pencil, and a ruler
- Scientific calculator
- Textbook every
- Chemistry lab notebook when
Important topics in this course:
Most of you probably have covered major topics during your Chemistry I course.
However the main topics that are extremely important from AP Board exam point of view are as below:
1st nine week:
- Stoichiometry: Calculations with Chemical Formulas and Students will learn about Formula weights, percent composition, Avogadro’s number and the Mole, moles and number of particles, Empirical Formula and Analysis
- Aqueous Reactions and Solution Stoichiometry: Students will learn about Molecules in water, ions in solution, strong electrolytes, weak electrolytes, chemical equilibrium, Precipitation reactions, Acids, base and Neutralization Reactions, Oxidation-Reduction reactions, Concentration of solutions( Molarity, dilution, preparing solutions), Titration, equivalence point, titration calculations.
- Acid base Equilibria: Students will learn about : Bronsted Lowry Acids and Bases, Auto ionization of water, The pH scale, strong acids and bases, weak acid: Ka and pH, percent ionization, Weak bases: Kb, calculating pH and pOH. Relationship between Ka, Kb and Kw. Acid Base properties of Salt solution. Acid base behavior; factors that affect strength, oxidation numbers, oxyacid, carboxylic acid.
- Additional aspects of aqueous Equilibria: Students will learn about The Common Ion effect, buffered solutions, Acid-Base Titrations,( titration curve, pkA OF WEAK ACID FROM TITRATION, Solubility equilibria, Ksp solubility product constant, factors affecting solubility, Henderson- Hasselbach reactions for buffers..
2nd nine week:
- Chemical Equilibrium: Students will learn about: The Concept of equilibrium; Rates of forward and reverse reactions, The Equilibrium constant; Kc and Kp. Heterogenous equilibria, Calculating equilibrium constant, ICE table, Application of Equilibrium constants, Le Chatelier’s principle, changes in concentrations, pressure, volume, catalysts.
- Thermochemistry: Students will learn about The Nature of Energy, The first law of Thermodynamics, Enthalpy, Enthalpies of Heat, Calorimetry, Hess’s law, Bond enthalpies, ( bond breaking, bond forming using bond enthalpies)
- Chemical Thermodynamics: Students will learn about Spontaneous and non-spontaneous reactions. Entropy and second law of thermodynamics, entropy change in chemical reactions, free energy, Free energy and the equilibrium constant ∆G and K.
- Gases: Students will learn about : Pressure, Gas Laws, The Ideal gas law, Further application of the Ideal Gas law, Gas mixture and partial pressures, The Kinetic molecular theory of gases, Real gases ( deviation from ideal behavior)
3rd nine week:
- Chemical Kinetics: Students will learn about factors affecting reaction rates, Reaction Rates, Concentration and Rate laws, the change of concentration with time (first and second order reactions, activated complex, half-life, and radioactive decay), Temperature and Rate, Reaction Mechanism, Catalysis.
- Electrochemistry: Students will learn about Oxidation States and oxidation-reduction reactions, Balancing redox reactions, Voltaic cells (cathode, anode, salt bridge, direction of electron flow), Cell potential under Standard conditions, Free energy and Redox reactions, Batteries and fuel cells, Electrolysis.
- Nuclear Chemistry Students will learn about Radioactivity and nuclear reactions, patterns of nuclear stability, Nuclear transmutations, Rates of radioactive decay, energy changes in nuclear reactions, Fission and Fusion.
- Electronic structure Of Atoms: Students will learn about wave nature and wave behavior of light. Quantized energy and photons, wave behavior of matter; Quantum mechanics and atomic orbitals, representation of orbitals, Many-electron atoms, and Electron configuration.
4th nine week:
Practice tests on AP exams: Review will be the most important part in this curriculum. Apart from this we will try to cover the following:
- Liquids and Intermolecular Forces: Students will learn about a molecular comparison of gases, liquids and solids, Intermolecular forces, properties of liquids, phase changes, vapor pressure, phase diagrams and liquid crystals.
- Basic Concepts of Chemical Bonding: Students will learn about Lewis symbols and Octet rule, ionic bonding, Covalent bonding, Bond polarity, Drawing Lewis structures, Resonance, exception to Octet Rule, Strengths and Lengths of covalent bonds.
- Molecular geometry and bonding theories : Students will learn about molecular shapes, VSEPR model, Molecular shape and polarity, hybrid orbitals and hybridization.
The 4th quarter will be mostly practice and preparing for the AP College Board exam. If for some reasons we are unable to complete the chapters assigned for each quarter then we should be able to do that during the 4th quarter.
Each chapter test will be multiple choice and followed by Free Response question taken from previous AP chemistry exams.
You will be given an opportunity for extra credit in each quarter. The extra credit work will be assigned during your breaks (fall, winter and spring)
Homework Policy: Homework will be assigned frequently. May take 40-50 mins
- HW will be checked in the beginning of the class. Try to attempt all questions to receive
- Make sure to show all
- HW should not take more than 30-40
Class Behavior: KEY word is RESPECT
- Students are expected to speak with respect to and with the teacher and their fellow students.
- No eating or drinking in the class. Before entering the class, make sure you trash your drink. Only a bottle of water is allowed in the class as well as the
- Students are expected NOT to bring any games, throw things, tamper with any equipment etc. in the classroom or the
- Students are expected to sit in their assigned seats and PAY FULL ATTENTION in the
- The students are expected to bring the materials needed in the class
Grading: Grades for the AP Chemistry course is different from the AP Chemistry Exam. Grades are determined from tests, quizzes, labs, reports, homework assignments, and regular class conducts.
Absences: If you are absent, be sure to have a classmate pick up all papers and assignments for you. If you are sick for more than one day, have a classmate or a parent bring assignments to you. Lab absences will result in a zero grade unless student is seriously sick. This excuse must be followed with an excuse note from the doctor’s office. Each day in chemistry is dependent on understanding the previous day’s work.
Daily attendance is essential. Pre announced tests and quizzes must be made up on the day that the student returns.