BENJAMIN J. CRAMER COLLECTION

1995 and undated

 

East Tennessee State University

Archives of Appalachia

Box 70295

Johnson City, Tennessee 37614

 

E-Mail: archives@etsu.edu

Telephone -  (423) 439-4338

___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

INTRODUCTION

Title: Benjamin J. Cramer Collection

Collection Number: Accession No. 490

Physical Description: 1 file folder

                                   1 VHS videotape

                                   1 audiocassette tape

                                   9 photographs

Creator: Benjamin J. Cramer

Repository: Archives of Appalachia, East Tennessee State University

ADMINISTRATIVE INFORMATION

 

Provenance: The Benjamin J. Cramer Collection was donated to the Archives of Appalachia by Benjamin J. Cramer, Johnson City, Tenn., on June 13, 1996. Additions to the collection were donated on September 11, 1996, October 22, 1996, and December 17, 1996.

 

Access: The collection is open for research.

 

Processing Information: This collection was processed by Brianne Johnson and opened for research in April 2007.  

HISTORICAL NOTE

 

The Benjamin J. Cramer Collection contains information and research done by Cramer about the Carolina, Clinchfield and Ohio Railway and its involvement with two communities, Lost Cove, Yancey County, N. C., and Bumpass Cove, Tenn.

Lost Cove, located along the Nolichucky River in Western North Carolina, took its name from its location near the Tennessee and North Carolina border when surveyors were not sure to which state the community belonged. Lost Cove was reportedly settled shortly before the Civil War by Morgan Bailey. Lost Cove was a thriving Appalachian logging and farming community for about 100 years. The location and terrain of the community were difficult to navigate, and, when the railroad stopped making regular stops in the community, residents were forced to leave the community. The last resident left the community in 1957.

 

Bumpass Cove, once a small mountain community in Washington County, Tenn., had a long history of iron, lead, zinc, and manganese mining. In June 1972, the Bumpass Cove Environmental Controls and Minerals Corporation obtained a permit from the Tennessee Department of Public Health, Division of Solid Waste Management, to operate a sanitary landfill located in an old mining site near the head of the cove in Unicoi County. Due to illegal dumping operations and concerns about health and environmental issues, the landfill was closed in December 1979.

 

SCOPE AND CONTENT NOTE

 

The Benjamin J. Cramer Collection contains research done by Cramer on the Carolina, Clinchfield and Ohio Railway (CC&O) and its operations around the communities of Lost Cove, N. C., and Bumpass Cove, Tenn. The research includes an interview with Jack Hawkins, who worked for CC&O for forty years. Transcripts of the interview and the audiocassette of the interview are also included. The collection contains photographic prints of Lost Cove, N. C., and one VHS videotape about the Bumpass Cove landfill.

 

The collection is arranged into three series, as follows: Series I, Essay, undated, Small Collections Box 25; Series II, Audiovisual Materials, 1995 and undated, Small Audiotape Collections Box 2 and Small Videotape Collections Box 1; Series III, Photographs, undated, Small Photographic Collections Box 7.

 

Important subjects covered in the collection include:

 

Bumpass Cove (Tenn.)

Bumpass Cove Landfill (Unicoi County, Tenn.)

Carolina, Clinchfield and Ohio Railway

Hawkins, Jack

Hazardous waste sites—TennesseeUnicoi County

Lost Cove (Yancey County, N. C.)

 

SERIES DESCRIPTIONS

 

Series I, Essay, undated, Small Collections Box 25.

 

Series I contains one file folder of research done by Benjamin J. Cramer on the operations of the Carolina, Clinchfield and Ohio Railway. The series includes an essay “Reflections of the Clinchfield,” transcripts of the interview with Jack Hawkins about his career with the railroad, and a glossary of railroad terms. The series is filed in one folder located in Small Collections Box 25.

 

Series II, Audiovisual Materials, 1995 and undated, Small Audio Collections Box 2 (1 audiocassette tape) and Small Videotape Collections Box 1 (1 VHS videotape).   

 

Series II contains one audiotape of an interview with Jack Hawkins who worked for the Carolina, Clinchfield and Ohio Railway for forty years. The audiotape is located in Small Audio Collections Box 2. The series also contains one VHS videotape about Bumpass Cove, Tenn., and the Bumpass Cove landfill. The VHS videotape is housed located in Small Videotape Collections Box 1.

 

Series III, Photographs, undated, Small Photographic Collection Box 7. 

 

Series II contains 9 photographs of Lost Cove, Yancey County, N. C., which are filed in one folder in Small Photographic Collections Box 7.

 

 

BOX AND FOLDER LIST

 

Series I, Essay, undated, Small Collections Box 25.

 

1. “Reflections of the Clinchfield,” undated

 

Series II, Audiovisual Materials, 1995 and undated, Small Audio Collections Box 2 and Small Videotape Collections Box 1 

 

1. Audiotape of interview with Jack Hawkins, March 14, 1995

2. Videotape of Bumpass Cove Landfill, undated

 

 

Series III, Photographs, undated, Small Photographic Collection Box 7

 

1. Lost Cove Community, Yancey County, N. C., undated